Mainstreaming Restorative Justice in Termination of Prosecution in Indonesia

Femmy Silaswaty Faried(1*), Hadi Mahmud(2), Suparwi Suparwi(3),

(1) Faculty of Law of Universitas Islam Batik, Surakarta
(2) Faculty of Law of Universitas Islam Batik, Surakarta
(3) Faculty of Law of Universitas Islam Batik, Surakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


By law, under the principle of opportunity, public prosecutors have been entitled to the authority to proceed or terminate the criminal cases under their authority. However, the termination of prosecution by the attorney generals is mostly not followed by a victim-oriented settlement. In this case, the principle of opportunity is not in line with the victim interest. On the other hand, the direction of legal reform in Indonesia promotes restorative justice approach in every criminal case settlement. In this regard, this article aims to investigate the way to implement restorative justice in case terminations by General Attorney of Indonesia. This research relies on socio-legal approach. Data were collected through the investigation of regulations and works of literature related to the termination of prosecution of criminal cases and restorative justice. The result of this study indicates that the regulation concerning termination of prosecution based on restorative justice is obviously departed from the public needs. According to General Attorney Regulation, restorative justice which is oriented to the public interest has the chance to be implemented as the basis for termination of prosecution of criminal cases; therefore, the penal court can be addressed as the last option (ultimum remidium).


Full Text:

PDF

References


Agustin, Syahreni, Ismansyah Ismansyah, and Aria Zurnetti, ‘Implementation of the Regulation of the Prosecutor of the Republic of Indonesia Number 15 of 2020 Concerning Termination of Prosecutions Based on Restorative Justice in the Jurisdiction of the High Prosecutors of West Sumatra’, International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding, 8.11 (2021), 506–20 https://doi.org/10.18415/ijmmu.v8i11.3205

Ahmadi, Iqbal Risha, and Suteki Suteki, ‘Restorative Justice as a Basis for Stopping Prosecution by Prosecutors in a Human Rights Perspective’, Melayunesia Law, 5.1, 99–112 https://doi.org/10.30652/ml.v5i1.7806

Ali, Raymond, ‘Restructuring the Termination of Prosecution in the Criminal Jurisdiction System of Indonesia’, Sch Int J Law Crime Justice, 4.2 (2021), 27–33 https://doi.org/10.36348/sijlcj.2021.v04i02.001

Aroma Elmina Martha, ‘Penal Mediation for Medical Dispute Settlement in Indonesia Perspective’, in The European Conference on Politics, Economics & Law, 2016

Clamp, Kerry, Restorative Justice in Transition, Restorative Justice in Transition (Routledge, 2013) https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203715192

de Beus, Kimberly, and Nancy Rodriguez, ‘Restorative Justice Practice: An Examination of Program Completion and Recidivism’, Journal of Criminal Justice, 35.3 (2007), 337–47 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2007.03.009

Decker, Michele R., Charvonne N. Holliday, Zaynab Hameeduddin, Roma Shah, Janice Miller, Joyce Dantzler, and others, ‘Defining Justice: Restorative and Retributive Justice Goals Among Intimate Partner Violence Survivors’, Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2020, 0886260520943728 https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260520943728

Díaz Gude, Alejandra, and Iván Navarro Papic, ‘Restorative Justice and Legal Culture’, Criminology and Criminal Justice, 20.1 (2020), 57–75 https://doi.org/10.1177/1748895818796549

Erinsyah, Ridhollah Agung, and Elwi Danil, ‘Reform of Criminal Law through Restorative Justice in Returning State Losses from Corporation as the Perpetrator of Corruption’, International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding, 6.6 (2019), 497–508

Gabbay, Zvi D, ‘Justifying Restorative Justice: A Theoretical Justification for the Use of Restorative Justice Practices’, Journal of Dispute Resolution, 2 (2005), 349–98

Gang, Daye, Bebe Loff, Bronwyn Naylor, and Maggie Kirkman, ‘A Call for Evaluation of Restorative Justice Programs’, Trauma, Violence, and Abuse, 22.1 (2021), 186–90 https://doi.org/10.1177/1524838019833003

Jaelani, Abdul Kadir, and Resti Dian Luthviati, ‘The Crime Of Damage After the Constitutional Court’s Decision Number 76/PUU-XV/2017’, Journal of Human Rights, Culture and Legal System, 1.1 (2021), 2807–12 https://doi.org/10.53955/jhcls.v1i1.5

Karjoko, Lego, I Gusti Ayu Ketut Rachmi Handayani, Abdul Kadir Jaelani, Jaco Barkhuizen, and Muhammad Jihadul Hayat, ‘The Urgency of Restorative Justice on Medical Dispute Resolution in Indonesia’, AL-IHKAM: Jurnal Hukum & Pranata Sosial, 16.2 (2021), 362–92 https://doi.org/10.19105/al-lhkam.v16i2.5314

Kimberly de Beus and Nancy Rodriguez, ‘Restorative Justice Practice: An Examination of Program Completion and Recidivism’, Journal of Criminal Justice, 35.3 (2007), 337–47 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2007.03.009

Kuo, Shih Ya, Dennis Longmire, and Steven J. Cuvelier, ‘An Empirical Assessment of the Process of Restorative Justice’, Journal of Criminal Justice, 38.3 (2010), 318–28 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2010.03.006

Lin, Nuannuan, ‘The Restorative Role of Apology in Resolving Medical Disputes: Lessons From Chinese Legal Culture’, Journal of Bioethical Inquiry, 12.4 (2015), 699–708 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11673-015-9657-1

Lokteff, Vasily, Justice of Both Sides: Transforming Education Through Restorative Justice, Journal of Transformative Leadership & Policy Studies (Harvard Education Press, 2020), ix https://doi.org/10.36851/jtlps.v9i1.2411

Marshall, Christopher D., ‘Restorative Justice’, in Religion Matters: The Contemporary Relevance of Religion (Springer, Singapore, 2020), pp. 101–17 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-2489-9_7

Marune, Abraham Ethan Martupa Sahat, and Teguh Prasetyo, ‘Efforts to Stop Prosecutions Based on the Regulation of the Prosecutors of the Republic of Indonesia Number 15 of 2020 Perspective of the Theory of Dignity Justice’, Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal): Humanities and Social Sciences, 5.1 (2022), 133–42 https://doi.org/10.33258/birci.v5i1.3586

Moh Iqra, Syabani Korompot, and Al-fatih David, ‘The Principle of Equality Before the Law in Indonesian Corruption Case : Is It Relevant ?’, Journal of Human Rights, Culture and Legal System, 1.3 (2021), 135–46. https://doi.org/10.53955/jhcls.v1i3.13

Mulyadi, Deri, Elwi Danil, Wila Chandrawila, and Kurnia Warman, ‘Medical Negligence Dispute Settlement in Indonesia’, Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, 14.4 (2020), 4229–33 https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i4.12304

Presser, Lois, and Patricia Van Voorhis, ‘Values and Evaluation: Assessing Processes and Outcomes of Restorative Justice Programs’, Crime and Delinquency, 48.1 (2002), 162–88 https://doi.org/10.1177/0011128702048001007

Robinson, Stacy ann, and D’Arcy Carlson, ‘A Just Alternative to Litigation: Applying Restorative Justice to Climate-Related Loss and Damage’, Third World Quarterly, 42.6 (2021), 1384–95 https://doi.org/10.1080/01436597.2021.1877128

Simbolon, Bona Fernandez Martogi Tua, Alvi Syahrin, and Madiasa Ablisar, ‘Juridical Review of Comparative Prosecution Systems in Indonesia and the United States of Prosecutors Based on Restorative Justice’, in Second International Conference on Public Policy, Social Computing and Development (ICOPOSDEV 2021) (Atlantis Press, 2022), pp. 85–91 https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.220204.014

Suzuki, Masahiro, and Xiaoyu Yuan, ‘How Does Restorative Justice Work? A Qualitative Metasynthesis’, Criminal Justice and Behavior, 2021, 0093854821994622 https://doi.org/10.1177/0093854821994622

Syaufi, Ahmad, Diana Haiti, and Mursidah, ‘Application of Restorative Justice Values in Settling Medical Malpractice Cases’, International Journal of Criminology and Sociology, 10.7 (2021), 103–10 https://doi.org/10.6000/1929-4409.2021.10.14

Van Ness, Daniel W, and Karen Heetderks Strong, ‘3 - Restorative Justice: Justice That Promotes Healing BT - Restoring Justice (Fifth Edition)’, ed. by Daniel W Van Ness and Karen Heetderks B T - Restoring Justice (Fifth Edition) Strong (Boston: Anderson Publishing, Ltd., 2015), pp. 43–60 https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-1-4557-3139-8.00003-0




DOI: https://doi.org/10.53955/jhcls.v2i1.31

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 145 times
PDF - 60 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Femmy Silaswaty Faried, Hadi Mahmud, Suparwi Suparwi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Journal of Human Rights, Culture and Legal System

Print ISSN: 2807-2979
Online ISSN: 2807-2812
Website: https://www.jhcls.org/index.php/JHCLS/index
Email: journalhumanrightslegalsystem@gmail.com cc to contrariusindonesia@gmail.com
Published by: Lembaga Contrarius Indonesia
Office: Contrarius Indonesia Institute
Sibela Utara Street No.3, Mojosongo, Kec. Jebres, Kota Surakarta.